Hello, it’s been a while since I wrote any article here. Today I want to talk about the gemstone Garnet. It’s the January birthstone and it’s one of the most common and widespread gemstones. The name Garnet is derives from the Latin for grain because Garnet looks like the pomegranate kernels. The followings are what I have learned about this gem.
1. There are more than twenty types Garnet.
There are more than 20 different species of Garnet however the main representatives are pyrope, almandine, spessartine, grossular, andradite and uvarovite. Each type of species has different gem color for example pyrope and almandine are red while spessartite is orange.
2. One of precious gems by God.
Garnet is a gem that has been used as bead necklaces for over 5000 years. Garnets were thought to be one of the four precious gems given to King Solomon from God.
3. Garnet is harder than glass
Garnet’s harness is around 6.5-7.5. It’s harder than glass which the hardness scale is 5.5. I love to work with Garnet because it’s not easily scratched like Opal or Turquoise. It’s very easy to set prong with Garnet stone.
4. Find Garnet around the world.
You can find Pyrope Garnet in Myanmar, China, Madagascar, Sri Lanka, South Africa, Tanzania, and the US. Almandite Garnet can be found in Brazil, India, Madagascar, Sri Lanka, US, Czech Republic and Austria. Spessartite Garnet can be found in Myanmar, Brazil, China, Kenya, Madagascar, Sri Lanka, Tanzania and the US. Grossularite Garnet can be found in Canada, Kenya, Mali, Pakistan, Siberia Russia, Sri Lanka, South Africa, Tanzania and Vermont. Andradite Garnet can be found in China, Korea, Russia, US, Zaire. Uvarovite Garnet can be found in Finland, India, Canada, Poland, Russia and California.
5. Red Garnet v.s. Red Glass
Many fashion jewelries use red glass and sell them as garnet jewelries. You can easily spot if the garnet jewelry is real or fake by using the magnifying glass to see if there is any bubble in the stone. If there is bubble in the gem, it means it’s a glass not a garnet.